In the career as conservation scientist, they study the conservation science which includes farming and soil. There are mainly two types of conservation scientists.
In the career as conservation scientist, they have to perform following tasks:-
In the career as conservation scientist, the basic qualification is a bachelor's degree in forestry, biology, environmental sciences, natural resource management, or related subjects. Mostly research and teaching work usually require a graduate degree. In the Federal government a combination of experience and related study is also enough for conservation job. Foresters interested in research or teaching job need an advanced degree, mostly a Ph.D.
For conservation jobs, the minimum qualification needed is generally a two years bachelor's degree in the fields such as ecology, agriculture, biology, natural resource management, or environmental science. A master's degree or Ph.D. is usually needed for research and teaching jobs. Range Managers usually have a degree in range management or range science. The knowledge of statistics, hydrology, forestry, agronomy, wildlife, animal husbandry, computer science, etc. is also necessary.
Most soil conservationists have degrees in environmental studies, general agriculture, hydrology, agronomy, or crop or soil science.
Other necessary skills:-
To get into a career as conservation scientist, one should have following skills:-
In the career as conservation scientist, they mostly work for regular hours in offices and labs, and others spend their time in fieldwork mostly in forests. Many range managers may also work as an appraiser in banks and real estate companies.
In State and Federal Government, they usually work for 40 hours a week, but not always in that schedule. For field work, they might work for 10 days continuously followed by 4 days off.
In the career as conservation scientist, they have to work with landowners and federal, state and local governments to protect and safeguard the environment. The range managers may work for private companies that have rangelands, while others may work as a faculty member in colleges and institutes. They may work with wildlife managers, foresters, and scientists.
Other workers with similar jobs include agricultural and food scientists, biological scientists, environmental scientists and specialists, hydrologists, geoscientists, and farmers, ranchers, and agricultural managers.
The salary for entry- level conservation scientists is good as compared to other occupations. Most of the entry- level conservation scientists are graduates which work as soil conservationist or range managers. The salary also depends on the type of work, employers and the experience they have. The federal land management agencies and state governments pay best salary as compared to other employers.
In the career as conservation scientist, those who are fresh graduates work under the supervision of experienced scientists. After some years of conservation jobs experience, they are eligible for more responsible positions. Range managers often supervise other conservation scientist.
An experienced forester in federal government mostly supervises a ranger district and may become a forest supervisor, regional forester, or top administrative person in the national headquarters.
However, in private industries, the foresters start learning practical and administrative work of the business and also get a technical training. After gaining experience, they can do managerial work which does not involve fieldwork but involves working in office and planning and supervising others. Some of them, can even become consultants, working alone or in partnership after they acquire a few years if experience.
On the other hand, the soil conservationists at start work in a specific district and with experience work for a vast area, state, region or for national level.
In the career as conservation scientist, employment is expected to grow slower as compared to all occupations. The federal government is expected to have more number of conservation scientists in coming years as compared to other employers. The state government is second largest employer having conservation scientists' jobs, but the demand for these scientists is expected to restrict because of budgetary restrictions.