Houses, factories, apartments, goods, services, roads, schools, and bridges are some of the products of the construction industry. The activities in this field may include site preparation, repair, maintenance, and improvements on these structures.
The construction industry is divided into three major sections, construction of buildings, heavy and civil engineering construction contractors, and specialty trade contractors. People working in these fields execute a variety of tasks. The construction of buildings section comprises of contractors who build industrial, residential, and other buildings.
Heavy and civil engineering construction contractors build roads, sewers, bridges, tunnels, highways, and other projects. The specialty trade contractors execute specialized activities such as painting, electrical work, carpentry and plumbing. Generally, construction is coordinated by a general contractor who has specialized in commercial or residential buildings.
The general contractor is responsible for the complete job and may perform a portion of the work with his/her own crews. Sometimes, general constructors subcontract some of the work to heavy construction. Specialty trade contractors perform the work of one trade such as electrical work, carpentry, and painting. These contractors have no responsibility for the structure as a whole. Specialty contractors attain orders for their work from architects, property owners, or contractors.
The construction industry requires workers to have physical stamina because the work needs prolonged bending, standing, working in cramped quarters, and stooping. These workers may require carrying and lifting heavy objects. Most of the work is performed outside and sometimes in enclosed structure. Therefore, workers have to be physically fit to perform their tasks in a verity of weathers.
Construction workers have to work with potentially dangerous equipment and tools. Subsequently, they are likely to get injured comparing other workers in different occupations. Thus, employees lay emphasize upon safe working conditions. They also wear safety clothing such as hardhats, gloves, and other devices to protect their mouth, hearing, and eyes.
Employment opportunities in construction are expected to be excellent for years to come. Candidates who have experience in training and construction are preferred. The construction industry incorporates a number of career options such as carpentry, boiler makers, block masons, insulation workers, stone masons, glazier, tile installation, construction laborers, construction management, etc.
A construction manager should possess following skills
Candidates who wish to get into this field need to have completed a bachelor's degree in civil engineering or construction science. A degree in business management may prove additional benefit to the candidate. A construction manager ought to have thorough understanding of construction regulations, project contracts, schematics, specifications, materials and methods.
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